Ashura is the tenth day of Muharram in the Islamic date-book. In Sunni Islam, Ashura is widely observed all over the world. Different recognitions incorporate Noah leaving the Ark and Muhammad’s entry in Medina.
1. On this day the ocean was part into different pathways for Musa (A.S) and his people, subsequently conceding them triumph over the dictator Firawn.
Hazrat Ibn Abbas (R.A) reports that the Prophet (S.A.W) touched base in Madinah and found the Jews watching quick upon the arrival of Ashura. They said: “It is the day of awesome (centrality) when Allah conveyed Hazrat Musa (A.S) and his kin and suffocated Pharoah and his kin, and Sayyidina Musa (A.S) watched quick out of appreciation. What’s more, we likewise watch it.” The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) reacted: “We have all the more right, and we have nearer association with Musa (A.S) than you have”; so Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W) watched quick (upon the arrival of ‘Ashura) and gave us requests to watch it. [Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]
2. Fasting on Ashura was already mandatory for Muslims
Initially fasting upon the arrival of “Ashura” was compulsory for the Muslims. It was later that the fasts of Ramadan were made mandatory and the quick upon the arrival of “Ashura” was made discretionary. Sayyidina ‘Aisha, Radi-Allahu anha, has said:
“At the point when the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, came to Madinah, he fasted upon the arrival of “Ashura” and guided the general population to quick. Be that as it may, when the fasts of Ramadan were made mandatory, the commitment of fasting was restricted to Ramadan and the compulsory way of the quick of “Ashura” was relinquished. Whoever so yearnings ought to quick on it and whatever other who so likes can abstain from fasting on it.” (Sunan Abu Dawud)
Fasting on “Ashura” was a steady stride during the time spent presenting fasting as an endorsed commitment in Islam. Fasting showed up in three structures. At the point when the Messenger of Allah (peace and endowments of Allah be upon him) came to Madinah, he advised the Muslims to quick on three days of consistently and upon the arrival of ‘Ashura’, then Allah made fasting required when He said (translation of the significance): ” … watching the fasting is recommended for you … ” [Al-Qur’an 2:183] [Ahkam al-Qur’an by al-Jassas, section 1]
3. Indeed, even the agnostic Quraish used to fast on this day
The act of fasting on “Ashura” was known even in the times of Jahiliyyah, before the Prophet’s central goal. It was accounted for that ‘A’ishah (may Allah be satisfied with her) said: “The general population of Jahiliyyah used to quick on that day … ”
Al-Qurtubi said: “Maybe Quraysh used to quick on that day on the premise of some past law, for example, that of Ibrahim, upon whom be peace.”
4. The fast of Ashura wveryery beloved to Nabi SAW
The Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, used to quick upon the arrival of “Ashura” even after the fasting in Ramadan was made required. Abdullah ibn Musa, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports that the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, favored the quick of “Ashura” on the fasts of different days and favored the fasts of Ramadhaan on the quick of ‘Ashura’. (Bukhari and Muslim)
5. Fasting on this day can erase the sins for the whole year
The Prophet (SAW) said: “For fasting the day of ‘Ashura’, I trust that Allah will acknowledge it as reparation for the year that went some time recently.” [Reported by Muslim, 1976] This is from the abundance of Allah towards us: for fasting one day He gives us appeasement for the wrongdoings of an entire year. What’s more, Allah is the Owner of Great Bounty.
6. It is a chance to separate ourselves from the Jews
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be satisfied with them both) said: “When the Messenger of Allah (peace and endowments of Allah be upon him) fasted on “Ashura” and charged the Muslims to quick also, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, it is a day that is revered by the Jews and Christians.’ The Messenger of Allah (peace and favors of Allah be upon him) said, ‘On the off chance that I live to see the following year, in sha Allah, we will quick on the ninth day as well.’ But it so happened that the Messenger of Allah (peace and gifts of Allah be upon him) passed away before the following year came.” [Reported by Muslim, 1916]
Shaykh ul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah show benevolence toward him) said: “The Prophet (peace and endowments of Allah be upon him) precluded copying the People of the Book in numerous ahadith, for instance, his words concerning ‘Ashura’: ‘On the off chance that I live until the following year, I will surely quick on the ninth day.’ ” [Al-Fatawa al-Kubra, section 6, Sadd adh-Dhara’i’ al-Mufdiyyah ila’l-Maharim]
7. On this day, the ark of Nooh (A.S) arrived on Mount Judi after a long extend of rain.
Imam Ahmad RA portrays a hadith which notice : “This is the day on which the Ark settled on Mount Judi, so Nuh fasted this day in thanksgiving,”
8. Other than Ashura, the whole Muharram is an exceptionally promising month for fasting
Abu Huraira (R.A) reports that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) said that after Ramadan, the fasts of Muharram have the best greatness. [Sahih Muslim]
Hakam ibn Al-Arat (R.A) relates: I went to Ibn Abbas (R.A) and I said to him: Tell me about fasting on ‘Ashura. He said, “When you seen the new moon of Muharram number the (days) and (start to) watch quick on the ninth.” I said to him: “Is it how the Holy Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) watched the quick?” He said, “Yes.” [Sahih Muslim]
9. The Ghilaaf of the Ka’bah used to be set on this day
In the period of the cherished Prophet (S.A.W) the Kaaba was recuperated upon the arrival of Ashura. Sayyidina Aaisha (R.A) is accounted for to have said: “Ashura is the day which Kaaba is secured.” (Muslim, Abu Dawud)
10. The heartbreaking suffering of Sayyidina Hussain RA does not give this day its significance
Probably, the affliction of Sayyidina Husain, Radi-Allahu anhu, the grandson of Nabi SAW, is a standout amongst the most sad scenes of our history. However, the sacredness of “Ashura” can’t be attributed to this occasion for the straightforward reason that the holiness of “Ashura” was set up amid the times of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, much sooner than the introduction of Sayyidna Husain, Radi-Allahu anhu.
In actuality, it is one of the benefits of Sayyidna Husain, Radi-Allahu anhu, that his suffering occurred upon the arrival of ‘Ashura’.
11. Spending on one’s family on this day is empowered
A few conventions mean another component of the day of ‘Ashura. As indicated by these conventions, one ought to be more liberal to his family by giving more nourishment to them on this day when contrasted with different days. These customs are not exceptionally legitimate as indicated by the investigation of Hadith. However, a few Scholars like Baihaqi and Ibn Hibban have acknowledged them as dependable, and a hefty portion of our devout antecedents have verified the Barakah that one will be invested with in ones rizq on the off chance that one spends unreservedly on this day
Sources: Muharram by Mufti Taqi Usmani
Misconceptions about the Ashura day:
* This is the day Prophet Adam (as) was made
* This is the day when Allah acknowledged the atonement of Adam (as)
* This is the day when Ibrahim (as) was conceived.
* This is the day the Qayamat (doomsday) will happen. (From hadiths we know Qayamat will happen on a Friday, however, does not determine which month)
* Whoever showers of Ashura will never get sick.
* Muharram is a malevolent or unfortunate month.( Due to the clash of Karbala)
* Marriages ought not to be held in Muharram.
The greater part of the above is misguided judgments taking into account unauthentic conventions. This confusion can be effortlessly expelled by the way that on precisely the same Husain (RA) was martyred, years back Prophet Musa (as) and his adherents were spared from Pharaoh, which is the reason Prophet Muhammad (saw) watched the quick on Ashura and requested the Muslims to do likewise. The day can not be fortunate or unfortunate in the meantime.